Where is Silchar in Assam?

Silchar is the main city of Cachar district in the state of Assam in India.It is 343 kilometres (213 mi) south east of Guwahati. It is the second largest city of the state in terms of population and municipal area.

Silchar Railway Station

                                                                                                                                                                                              History Of Silchar

Cachar’s old name was Heromba Rajya.Heromba Rajya’s last capital was the Kashpur.

In 1832 the Heromba Rajya came under British and 1833 ,in the right bank of Barak river came up the town of Silchar. General belief is that Chinese traveller Heuen Tsang’s Shi-li-cha0tal is today’s Silchar. The town came up arround Sadarghat. and that time the primary mode of communication was waterway. Boats used to come and stop at Sadarghat. That’s why we find here court, Post Office, District Commissioner’s Office, Municipality and European style shop Smeal and Company . Newly formed city’s first market was the Janiganj close to Sadarghat. Althrough the look and feel has changed now but Janiganj retains the same trading tradition.With increase the population , markets for the daily goods started in the open field next to Janiganj. Previously there was a jail or fatak in this place hence the bazaar got its name FatakBazar.In 21st century the lifestyle of the people is changing rapidly but there was still few old styled house can still be seen but multi stroyed buildings are mushroming in Silchar.

In 1855 ,for the first time tea tree  found in soil of Cachar. The British established the tea garden.  the first Europeans to play the game were British tea planters in Assam, who formed the first European polo club in 1859 at Silchar.

In 1897 , The Cachar Club is established  and it is  located on the Club Road in the heart of Silchar city in Assam. Cachar Club reminds us of Polo, Tea Gardens & Silchar as the First Polo Club of the World.

In India’s independence Silchar also played a crucial role.  In 1905 , the “Cachar Swadeshi Sabha” was established. The president of the committee was Kamini Kumar Chanda. In 1906, in the presence of Bipin Chandha Paul Silchar’s first Convention was organised. In 1921 Mahatma Gandhi Visited the Silchar .The place of Gandhiji’s  conference  is preserved by the Municipality. To spread the awareness of Independence movement , many visionaries visited the silchar at different point of time. Some of them are Pandit Jawharlal Neheru, Netaji SubashCandra Bose, Gopinath Bordoloi . Some of the prominient local leader are Arun Kumar Chandra, Satindra Mohon Dev, Khan Sahed Rashid Ali Laskar, Mainul Haque Choudhury, Jyotirmoy Sen, Mahitush Purakayastha , Suprabha Dutta, Malati Syam etc.

Language Movement in Barak Valley( 1961 )
In the strugle and protect the dignity of Bengali language Silchar is Shining Star. The worst of it happened in 1960 when the Assam Government passed the nefarious Official Language Act making Assamese the only official State language other than English. The people of the then Cachar district went all out in protest against this Act the provisions of which they rightly felt would deprive them of their legitimate linguistic right. In 12th May 1961, Govt. of Assam had been making show of its arm strength ,On 19 May 1961 police resorted to firing on unarmed Satyagrahis in Silchar Railway Station that left eleven people dead one among them being a woman, Kamala Bhattacharjee.

     “The newly accepted policy of his Government was Assam for Assamese”
                                                         -Shillong times

After the popular revolt, the Assam government had to withdraw the circular and Bengali was ultimately given official status in the three districts of Barak Valley. Section 5 of Assam Act XVIII, 1961, safeguards the use of Bengali in the Cachar district. It says, “Without prejudice to the provisions contained in Section 3, the Bengali language shall be used for administrative and other official purposes up to and including district level.

                         “আমার বাংলা ভাষার জন্য আমি গর্বিত”


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